The Journal’s policy for informed patient consent for case reports and similar article follows the publication ethics set out by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) and ICMJE recommendations.  Written descriptions, photographs and pedigrees that lead to patient identification should be avoided unless the information is essential for scientific purposes and the patients or legal guardian has given written informed consent for publication.  Identifying details should be omitted unless it is necessary.  However, patient data should never be altered or falsified to attain anonymity.  A statement addressing informed patient consent must be included as a part of the manuscript.