Research is one of the functions of TROPMED Philippines in addition to teaching and extension services. Research projects address gaps in knowledge for health development.

Results of the Centre's research projects play a crucial role in the development of health and health-related policies, restructuring of programs and approaches to address public health issues in the country as well as in the region. Research activities also serve as an approach for its own human resource development
and for enhancement of academic degree programmes of the Centre.

Given the different departments of TROPMED Philippines, its research projects cover different dimensions of health issues and health programmes. For the health issues, research projects focus on behavioural, clinical, diagnostic, epidemiological, and environmental aspects. Health program research on the other hand covers health policies, development of interventions, program delivery, monitoring, and evaluation.